Orthopaedic Facts

  • Some estimates state that more than 90 percent of Canadians will require orthopaedic treatment in their lifetime.
  • The musculoskeletal system is a complex system that includes all of the muscles, bones, joints and related structures that function in the movement of the body.
  • The human skeleton contains 206 bones.

Building and Maintaining Bone and Joint Health

  • Good bone and joint health is fundamental to quality of life and independent living.
  • Canada’s physical activity guidelines say that children need to be moderately or vigorously active for at least 60 minutes daily for healthy growth and development.
  • Eat smart by following a healthy, balanced diet to maintain a healthy weight.
  • Make a lifelong commitment to being active to build and maintain strong, healthy bones.
  • Play safe and stay in the game!  Consider safety risks, wear or use adequate and appropriate safety equipment, learn the skills for your activity.

Musculoskeletal (MSK) Injuries and Disorders

  • Musculoskeletal system disorders are more common than any other long-term health problem.
  • Over 20 percent of Canadians report having musculoskeletal health problems – arthritis, rheumatism, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, trauma injury or disease.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions, including all bone and joint problems, cost the economy an estimated $22-billion a year in health resources and lost productivity.
  • Musculoskeletal conditions are the leading contributor to disability worlwide, with up to 33% of people across the globe living with a painful MSK condition.
  • Orthopaedic injuries were the most common type of injury sustained by pedestrians, accounting for 65 percent of all injuries, followed by internal organ injuries (24 percent) and head injuries (18 percent).
  • Knee injuries are among the most common form of soccer injury.  And, a single knee injury as a teenager or young adult can triple the risk of osteoarthritis in that knee by middle age.
  • Knee injury prevention alone could reduce osteoarthritis of the knee, and its future disabling pain, by at least 20 percent.
  • In 2017-2018 about 130,000 hip and knee replacements were performed, an increase of approximately 17 percent compared with five years earlier.
  • The average hospital inpatient cost of a primary hip or knee replacement in 2017-2018 was 9,400, with revision surgeries costing almost $17,000.
  • Approximately 30,000 older adults are admitted to hospital annually for a hip fracture.
  • 1 in 10 infants are born with hip instability, 1 in 100 infants are treated for hip dysplasia, and 1 in 500 infants are born with completely dislocated hips.
  • Approximately 9,000 children under 16 require treatment in emergency rooms each year for hockey-related injuries such as bone fractures and concussion.
  • 28% of Canadians are not receiving their knee or hip replacement surgery within the recommended wait time target of 6 months.
  • Around the world, 150,000-200,000 babies are born with a clubfoot each year.
  • Hospital care expenditures accounted for 40% of the direct costs of musculoskeletal disease ($2.7 billion) in 2010, and drug and physician care expenditures were estimated to be 39% ($2.6 billion) and 21% ($1.4 billion) of direct costs respectively.
  • Unintentional falls accounts for more injury-related hospitalizations, 58 percent, than all others combined. Among seniors, 4 out of 5 injury hospitalizations were because of a fall.